- Architecture, Traditional
- Although Burma is best known for its religious architecture, the country has a long tradition of secular architecture, including both royal palaces and what is often known as "vernacular architecture," that is, architecture of the common people. Because both royal and common dwelling structures were built of wood or thatch, they were not especially durable because of the tropical climate and the frequent outbreak of fires, which often devastated (and continue to devastate) residential areas. Most of the older surviving structures, including Buddhist monasteries, date from the 19th century. Nothing remains of the old royal palace at Pagan (Bagan). Except for its extensive brick wall and gateways surmounted by tiered roofs, Mandalay Palace was destroyed during World War II.Royal palaces, constructed mostly of teak, were immense complexes built according to a strict design that reflected Indian concepts of the structure of the universe; at their center was a multitiered roof tower (pyat-that), representing Mount Meru or the "center of the universe," below which the principal royal throne was placed. Both palace buildings and the houses of commoners were raised above the ground, supported by pillars or (in the case of humbler dwellings) stilts, a design found throughout Southeast Asia. A house thus raised was protected from flood and unwanted intruders.The simplest sort of village house, also found in the poorer, outlying districts of large cities like Rangoon (Yangon) and Mandalay, is made of thatch, woven grass, and bamboo, and is often shielded from the hot sun by large trees. The ground floor is used for storage, while the living space is on the floor above. The spare design of well-maintained thatch houses rivals the traditional Japanese house in its beauty and simplicity. More substantial dwellings are made of wood, often elaborately carved and joined together. Sometimes several wooden houses are grouped together on a single large platform. Before the British colonial period, strict sumptuary laws governed the design of the houses of commoners and court officials. They were forbidden in any way to imitate the style of the royal palace.Zayat (rest houses), also made of wood with high roofs, are a common architectural form. Many are found near important Buddhist sites, such as the Shwe Dagon Pagoda and Mandalay Hill.See also Architecture, Modern.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Architecture in Tibet — contains Chinese and Indian influences, and reflects a deeply Buddhist approach. The Buddhist Prayer wheel, along with two deer or dragons, can be seen on nearly every Gompa in Tibet. The design of the Tibetan Chörtens can vary, from roundish… … Wikipedia
Architecture, Modern — The history of modern architecture in Burma can be said to have begun after the British occupied Rangoon (Yangon) in 1852, following the Second Anglo Burmese War, and built a new city based on Western and British Indian design. A rectangular,… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Architecture, Religious — The most striking feature of the human landscape in both urban and rural Burma is the abundance of religious buildings, which reflects the importance of Buddhism in Burmese life. Although some of these structures, such as the monuments at Sri… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Traditional Persian residential architecture — Traditional Persian residential architecture, is the architecture employed by builders and craftsmen in the cultural Greater Iran and the surrounding regions to construct vernacular houses. The art draws from various cultures and elements from… … Wikipedia
Traditional Home — magazine [http://www.traditionalhome.com] , published by Meredith Corporation (NYSE: MDP), is an upscale design and decorating publication that targets affluent readers. Traditional Home celebrates the pleasures of modern life through the prism… … Wikipedia
Traditional trades — is a loosely defined categorization of building trades and craftsmen who actively practice traditional trades in respect of historic preservation or heritage conservation of the built environment. Trade technologies Building trades commonly… … Wikipedia
Architecture cadienne — Architecture acadienne Le Château Albert, dessiné par Nazaire Dugas en 1906 et la station service Irving Oil, conçue par Samuel Roy en 1939. On appelle Architecture acadienne, parfois architecture cadienne, un style d architecture tradition … Wikipédia en Français
Architecture of Portugal — refers to the architecture practised in the territory of present day Portugal since before the foundation of the country, in the 12th century. The term may also refer to buildings created under Portuguese influence or by Portuguese architects… … Wikipedia
Architecture 2030 — is a U.S. based, non traditional and flexible environmental advocacy group focused on protecting our global environment by using innovation and common sense to develop, and quickly implement, bold solutions to global warming. The organization was … Wikipedia
architecture — Architecture in Spain is an area of great complexity, exemplifying the idiosyncrasies of each region and their distinctive histories, rather than displaying common national characteristics. While Andalusia and the Basque country, for example,… … Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture